Drug Rehab Texas (cont..)
Mexican, Colombian, and Dominican poly-drug trafficking organizations dominate the state of Texas and the area that is the prime drug distribution and transshipment area is Dallas/Fort Worth. In general, these organizations smuggle drugs such as methamphetamine, heroin, cocaine, and marijuana into the Dallas/Fort Worth area and then distribute it to areas all over the United States; this tactic is particularly successful due to Texas’s central location on the map and closeness to the Mexico border. There are multiple means by which the drugs are smuggled into Texas and the rest of the United States – individuals crossing the international bridges via air, bus, and trucking and also by means of rural, desert-like areas. The highways are a gateway and serve as an aid in the transportation of narcotics throughout the country.
In 2005, an estimated 10,035 individuals were admitted to Texas drug rehab programs for cocaine abuse and addiction. Because of the size and population of the state of Texas, there are different areas setup for distribution and transshipment of drugs to other parts of the state and U.S. The area of northern Texas stands as a distribution area for cocaine to the Midwestern, Northern, and Eastern parts of the country. The city of Houston, Texas plays a large role in conjunction with Colombian drug trafficking organizations in the consumption and distribution of cocaine (mostly in bulk amounts). Since cocaine is the drug of choice for many individuals in New Mexico, various routes are used to transport the drug to Albuquerque and other parts of the state at an increasing rate. Local authorities have said that cocaine as well as crack cocaine is their number one drug problem. The area of Dallas, Texas is the main distribution center for crack to other parts of Texas as well as Oklahoma, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi. It is readily available and produced locally. Authorities have noted an extremely high violence rate associated with crack cocaine traffickers and abusers. In 2005, approximately 18,705 kilograms of cocaine was seized by federal agents.
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5,774 individuals were reportedly admitted to Texas drug rehab programs for addiction to heroin and other opiates. Mexican black tar heroin is widely available, commonly seized, and abused in the state of Texas. The main area of distribution for black tar heroin is the Dallas/Fort Worth area providing drugs to areas in the Eastern, Southeastern, and Midwestern United States. Colombian drug traffickers often use Houston as a distribution point for heroin to the east coast. Heroin is commonly smuggled into the state via private vehicles or concealed on a person. The rate at which heroin is available is on the rise. Law enforcement issued specific operations to aid this problem and there has been a reduction in both overdoses and overdose deaths. In 2005, federal agents seized an estimated 211 kilograms of heroin in Texas.
Admissions to Texas drug rehab programs for marijuana addiction numbered 9,884 in 2005. Marijuana is definitely available and law enforcement agents consider it the most widely abused illegal drug in Texas. In fact, 485,907 kilograms of marijuana was confiscated in 2005 by federal agents. Marijuana is mainly imported from Mexico via automobiles. Many multi-hundred pound marijuana seizures occur from the United State Border Patrol each year.
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Another drug that is widely abused in Texas is MDMA (ecstasy). It is often imported from Europe, specifically Belgium and the Netherlands. Ecstasy is most often available at raves and clubs. Dallas, Texas is ranked 2nd nationally for GHB and Rohypnol emergency room visits and also ranks above average in emergency room visits for other club drugs such as MDMA, Ketamine, LSD, and PCP. The popularity of these dangerous drugs is increasing (though not as rapidly as in other metropolitan areas in the United States).
There are many prescription drugs that are abused in Texas, including mainly hydrocodone, Alprazolam, Oxycontin, and benzodiazepine products. Other commonly abused prescription drugs include Morphine, Dilaudid, Diazepam, Xanax, Tussionex, Lortab, Vicodin, and Ketamine. There is a major enforcement issue with the illegal and indiscriminate prescribing and dispensing of prescription drugs. These drugs are obtained through the illegal sale and distribution by those in the healthcare field and also by individuals who go from doctor to doctor to get multiple prescriptions. The number of purchases via the Internet is on the rise.
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Below are the original sources of the information contained on this page.
DEA State Fact Sheet
SAMHSA State Level Data
SAMHSA Substance Abuse Tables
Office Of National Drug Control Policy